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Summary

Joseph Biden was born in 1942 and served as the 47th Vice President of the United States.

Biden started his political career when he ran successfully for the New Castle County Council in 1969. He served in that capacity until 1972, when he decided to run for the U.S. Senate. Biden represented Delaware in the U.S. Senate from 1973 until 2009, chairing during this time the Senate Judiciary Committee from 1987 to 1995, and the Foreign Relations Committee and the International Narcotics Control Caucus from 2007 to 2009. Biden was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom with distinction in January 2017.

After Biden stopped his presidential bid in 2008, the then-Democratic nominee Senator Barack Obama selected him as his running mate. They served together from 2009 to 2017. This is Biden’s third presidential bid after the one in 1988 and in 2008.

During an event in New York in September 2019, VP Biden said he would make sure to “pull back together the international community” in rebuilding key tenets of the 2015 nuclear deal with Iran

Biden was Vice President during the negotiations with Iran for the nuclear deal and supported the deal. In 2018, he criticized President Trump for pulling out of the deal.

In July 2019,  Vice President Biden pledged to re-enter the nuclear deal with Iran: “If Tehran returns to compliance with the deal I’d rejoin the agreement and work with our allies to strengthen and extend it, while more effectively pushing back against Iran’s more destabilizing activities which under the agreement we were allowed to do — we had partners to do with us.”

Asked whether VP Biden would move the U.S. Embassy back to Tel Aviv, Biden’s campaign said: “Vice President Biden would not move the American embassy back to Tel Aviv. But he would re-open our consulate in East Jerusalem to engage the Palestinians.” 

As a member of the U.S. Senate and later as Vice President, Biden supported continued security assistance to Israel. During his career, he has referred to U.S. assistance to Israel as “the best investment we make” and argued that “the U.S. commitment to Israel’s security and survival is fundamental to its strategy to the Middle East.”

Former Vice President Biden is a strong supporter of the two-state solution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and has argued that “the only way to guarantee Israel’s future and security of its identity as a Jewish and democratic state is with a two-state solution.” As concerns the right of return for Palestinians, he believes that it “is a final status issue that must be agreed to by both parties.”

In 2016, commenting on the two-state solution and the settlements issue, then-Vice President Biden stated that “the steady and systematic expansion of settlements, the legalization of outposts, land seizures – they are moving us and, more importantly, they are moving Israel in the wrong direction” and that “they are moving toward a one state reality, and that reality is dangerous.”

Former Vice President Biden opposes the discriminatory Boycott, Divestment, and Sanctions (BDS) movement that targets Israel. He has stated that he will “continue to push against the calls here in the United States to boycott, disinvest or sanction Israel” because “it’s wrong.” In a policy paper he pledged to “firmly reject the BDS movement — which singles out Israel and too often veers into anti-Semitism — and fight other efforts to delegitimize Israel on the global stage.”

When asked if he would be open to “leveraging” U.S. assistance to Israel to push for policy change, former Vice Presient Biden stated that he finds the idea “absolutely outrageous” and that it would be a “gigantic mistake” to condition aid to Israel. Biden has said that if elected, he will fully support the Taylor Force Act, which halts aid to the Palestinian Authority if the government continues to pay the salaries of individuals who’ve conducted attacks against Israelis. 

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SOURCES

Opposes the Boycott, Divestment, and Sanctions (BDS) movement https://joebiden.com/joe-biden-and-the-jewish-community-a-record-and-a-plan-of-friendship-support-and-action/

Building key tenets of the nuclear deal https://jewishinsider.com/2019/09/jack-rosen-i-trust-biden-to-deal-with-iran/

Criticized Israel’s decision to ban Omar and Tlaib  https://twitter.com/joebiden/status/1162074225265512448?s=21

Supports Taylor Force Act https://jewishinsider.com/2020/05/biden-israeli-annexation-will-choke-off-any-hope-for-peace/

Supported the Iran nuclear deal https://thehill.com/blogs/blog-briefing-room/386793-biden-slams-trump-pulling-out-of-iran-accord-it-took-years-to

Would reenter the Iran nuclear dealhttps://jewishinsider.com/2019/07/biden-id-rejoin-nuclear-deal-if-iran-returns-to-compliance/

Would not return U.S. Embassy to Tel Aviv https://www.axios.com/2020-democrats-embassy-israel-jerusalem-trump-d4dc1cf5-96d6-4801-8205-6f0ef0858303.html

Supports the two-states solution https://www.voanews.com/a/biden-tells-aipac-two-state-solution-the-only-way-to-security/3247022.html

Right of Return for Palestinians to be decided during direct negotiations  https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2020/us/politics/2020-democrats-israel-foreign-policy.html

Supported security assistance to Israel https://www.jpost.com/Israel-News/Politics-And-Diplomacy/Joe-Biden-on-Israel-US-relations-We-love-and-protect-each-other-399063

Supports current level of U.S. security aid to Israel https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2020/us/politics/2020-democrats-israel-foreign-policy.html

Opposes conditioning U.S. security assistance to Israel https://twitter.com/SabrinaSiddiqui/status/1190040677591244806

Comments on settlements and the two-state solution https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qh0DOt9AMBA 

Position on Israeli settlement activity https://jewishinsider.com/2019/11/biden-criticizes-trump-on-west-bank-decision/