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Summary

Donald Trump was born in 1946 and is the 45th and current President of the United States. President Trump is running for re-election in 2020.

Born and raised in New York City, President Trump took charge of his family’s real estate business, rebranding it and expanding its operations. He managed the company until his inauguration as U.S. President in 2017. He has also authored several books and owned the Miss Universe and Miss USA beauty pageants.

President Trump defeated sixteen opponents in the Republican primary and later on won the general election against Democratic nominee Hillary Clinton. He was the first person to assume the presidency without prior military or government service.

Below is President Trump’s record and public positions on issues important to the Jewish community. 

President Trump unveiled the “Peace to Prosperity” peace plan to solve the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. The plan includes an Israeli annexation of parts of the West Bank and the creation of a demilitarized Palestinian state living peacefully alongside Israel, with Israel retaining security responsibility. When unveiling the plan, President Trump said that this plan is a road map for a “realistic two-state solution”.

President Trump and his administration facilitated the historic “Abraham Accord” between Israel and the United Arab Emirates. The agreement stipulates a path for the normalization of relations between the two countries. As part of the deal, Israel agreed to suspend plans for annexing parts of the West Bank.

President Trump was against the Iran nuclear deal and in May 2018 he declared that the United States was withdrawing from it.

President Trump opposed the UN Security Council Resolution 2334 that claimed that Israel’s settlements have no legal validity.

In December 2017, a proclamation from President Trump recognized Jerusalem as the capital of Israel and started the process of relocating the U.S. embassy there.

After passing Congress, President Trump signed into law the Taylor Force Act, which stated that no American governmental funds shall be given to a Palestinian entity that financially rewards terrorists or their families.

In March 2019, President Trump signed a proclamation that recognized Israel’s sovereignty over the Golan Heights. 

In August 2019, President Trump said in the Oval Office: “I think any Jewish people that vote for a Democrat, I think it shows either a total lack of knowledge or great disloyalty.” On August 21, he reiterated his statement saying “in my opinion, you vote for a Democrat, you’re being very disloyal to Jewish people and very disloyal to Israel.” The argument that that Jews must be loyal to Israel is widely considered to be an anti-Semitic stereotype, one that says American Jews have a higher allegiance to a country other than the U.S. 

In November 2019, the Trump administration declared that “the establishment of Israeli civilian settlements is not, per se, inconsistent with international law”, reversing a long-held State Department policy that considered Israeli settlement activity as a violation of international law. 

President Trump signed an Executive Order on combating anti-Semitism on college campuses. The Executive Order adopted the widely accepted International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance (IHRA) definition of anti-Semitism into consideration of violations of Title VI of the Civil Rights Act.

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SOURCES

Unveiled the “Peace to Prosperity” peace plan https://www.whitehouse.gov/wp-content/uploads/2020/01/Peace-to-Prosperity-0120.pdf

Facilitated and announced the Israel-UAE agreement to normalize ties https://www.whitehouse.gov/briefings-statements/remarks-president-trump-announcing-normalization-relations-israel-united-arab-emirates/

Supported the two-state solution https://www.npr.org/2020/01/28/800296507/white-house-to-unveil-mideast-peace-plan-despite-palestinian-rejection

Called Jews who vote for Democrats disloyal https://www.nbcnews.com/politics/donald-trump/trump-doubles-down-calling-jewish-democrats-disloyal-israel-n1044861

Tweeted that Israel should ban Omar and Tlaib https://twitter.com/realDonaldTrump/status/1162000480681287683?s=20

Withdrew the U.S. from the Iran nuclear deal https://www.nytimes.com/2018/05/08/world/middleeast/trump-iran-nuclear-deal.html

Opposed UN Security Council Resolution 2334 https://www.facebook.com/DonaldTrump/posts/10158338539250725

Moved the U.S. embassy on Jerusalem https://www.govinfo.gov/content/pkg/FR-2017-12-11/pdf/2017-26832.pdf#page=1

Supports security assistance to Israel https://www.whitehouse.gov/briefings-statements/president-donald-j-trump-stands-americas-cherished-ally-israel/

Recognizes Israel’s sovereignty over Golan Heights https://www.npr.org/2019/03/25/706588932/trump-formally-recognizes-israeli-sovereignty-over-golan-heights 

Economic component of the peace plan https://www.whitehouse.gov/peacetoprosperity/

Position on Israeli settlement activity https://edition.cnn.com/2019/11/18/politics/pompeo-west-bank-settlements-announcement/index.html